Central banking and supervision in the biosphere: An agenda for action on biodiversity loss, financial risk and system stability

NGFS-INSPIRE Study Group on Biodiversity and Financial Stability (March 2022)

This is the final report from the Joint NGFS-INSPIRE Study Group on Biodiversity and Financial Stability, which was established to help central banks and financial supervisors fulfil their mandates of price and financial stability in the face of financial risks stemming from biodiversity loss, or ‘biodiversity-related risk’. The report is designed to help central banks and financial supervisors understand the issues in the context of existing science, theory, policy and practice, and to recommend steps that could begin to address biodiversity-related risks in financial systems.